# CHƠI BÀI TỨ SẮC

Tu Sac (Tứ Sắc - Four Colors) is a popular Vietnamese game played with chess cards. The objective sầu of the game is to organize a hand of cards into a combination of valid Tu Sac sets of cards through a process of melding new cards into the hand and discarding out trash cards. It is known as Si Se Pai (which also means four colors) in Chinese.

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Tu Sac is a simple game in principle, but it is a moderately difficult game to lớn play proffessionally in practice as it has many restricted rules governingwhat players must play as well as what they are prohibited from playing.kinhnghiemdanhbac.com helps making the game much easier to lớn play by hidding as much as possible all these rules, allowing players khổng lồ focus more on havingfun playing the game. Tu Sac is a game of luông chồng, one in which players with good cards can win more easily, yet it is also a skilled game, one in which a person must make educated guess of other players" cards so as khổng lồ improve sầu his chance of winning.

There are 28 quality cards in Tu Sac. Each thẻ has a color of either red, yellow, green, or white, and has a rank of either king, guard, minister, rook, cannon, knight, or pawn. A paông xã of Tu Sac has 112 cards, consisting of 4 identical cards for each color và rank. The cards are labeled in the same way as in Chinese chess (xiangqi), see the labels here. chú ý that there are 2 different ways to label the kings, bishops, & pawns.

The following are valid card sets in Tu Sac:

A single kingA pairs of identical cardsA triple of identical cardsA quadruple of identical cardsA mix of king/guard/minister cards of the same colorA set of rook/cannon/knight cards of the same colorA phối of 3 or 4 pawns of different colorsA hand in Tu Sac consists of 20 cards and possibly one additional active sầu card. The cards are further divided into a public block that everyone can see, và a private block that only the owner of the hand can see. The public block always consists of a number of valid sets, while the private blocks may contain one or more trash cards, cards that are not yet in any valid phối. The number of trash cards a h& has is the minimum number of cards the removal of which leaves the private blochồng a combination of valid sets.

A few sets of cards have special names. A quadruple set of cards originally in a hvà is called a *Quan*. A Quan must be shown khổng lồ all players at the beginning of the game. A triple mix of cards in the private block of a h& is called a *Khap*. The number of Khap that a player has must be announced to all players. This number is denoted by one or more small dots on the game board. A quadruple set formed by melding a Khap with the active thẻ is called a *Khui*. Quan, Khui, & Khap have special meaning when computing the winning amount after each game.

The game is for 2-4 people và it is best to lớn play the game with 4 people.Each player initially has trăng tròn cards except the first player who has 21 cards. The remaining deông chồng of cards is left in the middle of the game table.

The game starts with the first player discarding one of his trash card. This card becomes the active thẻ in the game. The next player can meld the active sầu card, creating a valid set of cards consisting of up khổng lồ 3 private cards he has on his private h& and the active thẻ. If a playercannot meld the thẻ, he can hit the remaining deck for a new thẻ, and thisthẻ becomes the active sầu card. He then has another chance to lớn meld the activethẻ. If he still cannot meld the thẻ, he loses his turn & the game continues with the next player. If in one of the two opportunities, theactive card is melt, the person who melds the card then discards one of his trash card out. The thẻ becomes the active sầu thẻ, và the game continuewith the next player.

There are a number of times when melding the active card is done by someone other than the current player. In these cases, the person who does the melding becomes the current player, and the game continues from that person. These special situations are covered later.

The objective of the game is lớn get rid of all trash cards by either melding them with the active thẻ or by discarding them. The first player whose h& doesnot have any trash after melding the active sầu card wins the game. In the case when no one wins và there are only 7 cards left in the remaining pile, the game is aborted. The game is drawn in this case.

A number of special rules govern the melding và discarding of cards. Followings are the rules, in decreasing priority. When two or more rules can be used, higher priority rules take precedent.

**Winning priority:**If the active thẻ could be melt in any way lớn complete someone"s hvà, even when he is not the current player, the active card is melt to that hvà so that the person wins the game.

**Khap priority:**A Khap cannot be broken, i.e. a card in a Khap cannot be combined with any other private card to lớn form a phối. When the active sầu thẻ is the same as the thẻ in a Khap, the player owning that Khap must immediately meld the active thẻ to form a Khui và becomes the current player.

**Trash reduction priority:**When a person disthẻ a card, he must decrease the number of trash in his private hvà, i.e. the thẻ being discarded must be a trash. Whenever a person melds a card, he must not increase the number of trash in his private h&.

**Pair priority:**If a person has a pair of card, and that card is an active sầu thẻ, and it is someone else"s turn, he must meld the active sầu card to lớn form a triple và take over the turn from the current player.

There are two exceptions khổng lồ the pair priority rule. Firstly, the rule cannot be used to lớn meld a king thẻ. Secondly, if a person has exactly 2 trash cards left, và the trash cards are either 2 pawns of different colors, a rook and a cannon, or a rook and a knight, or a cannon và a knight, then he cannot use the pair priority rule.

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To ensure fairness, each player should make the best effort lớn win the game. In Tu Sac, it is a requirement that each playerdoes so or risks receiving a penalty.

When discarding a thẻ after melding the active card, a player should always disthẻ the worst cardhe has on hand, taking into lớn tài khoản what he may hit in his next round.If a player does not follow this rule, and the card he discards is meltlớn size a winning h& by someone else, the player is penalized, payingthe winning amount for other losing players in the game.

Determining whether a card is the worst card or not is quite confusingunless you are an experienced player. Luckily, when playing at kinhnghiemdanhbac.com,you will be told whether a trash card you are about lớn disthẻ is worst or not, see later section on playing at kinhnghiemdanhbac.com.

Once a person completes his hand và wins, all losing players pay the winner an amount based on the valid sets in his cards. A Quan, Khui, Khap are valued at 8, 6, and 3 points respectively. A set of 4 pawns is valued at 2 points, a pair does not have sầu any value, và all other sets are valued at 1 point.

The amount each player pays to lớn the winner is (3+handvalue) + 10. If the winner has a Quan or a Khui, the winning amount is then (3+handvalue)*2 + 10.

Players that bởi not win the game also receive a number of side points if they have sầu Quan, Khui, or Khap. The winner must pay for Quan and Khui, and all other players must pay for Quan, Khui, and Khap.

Playing Tu Sac at kinhnghiemdanhbac.com is easy, whether you are a beginner or anexperienced player. All the melding required by Tu Sac rules are done automatically, and the program hides all the complexity of checking whetherthe card being discarded is worst or not.

When it is your turn to play, if you wish to lớn meld the active thẻ,you can select an appropriate set of your private cards and click on "Meld".If you wish to lớn hit for a new active sầu card, deselect all the cards và clickon "Hit". If you cannot or bởi not wish to meld a thẻ after hitting, you can click on "Pass". To discard a card after melding, you can selectit và clichồng on "Discard". The button for discard turns lớn "Discard!!!" if the thẻ you select is not the worst trash you have.

There are 2 buttons that help you with the organization of your private cards. Clicking on "Find Trash" will cycle you through all your trash cards, all the trash cards that are safe for you to lớn play (i.e. the worst cards),and lớn deselect all your cards. Clichồng on "Quick Select" one or more times to quickly select the cards that you can use khổng lồ meld the current card or a trash to lớn disthẻ.

If you are new lớn the game, you can blindly cliông chồng on "Quick Select" thenon the action button, regardless of it being "Meld", "Hit", "Pass", "Discard".You may not play well, but at least your play is valid.

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If you play safe, i.e. always discard the worst thẻ required by the game rule, you will not be penalized if someone wins with the thẻ you disthẻ. You however run the risk of letting other people lớn guess your h& correctly or letting the player immediate after you have sầu an easy time getting rid of his trash. To play well the game, you must learn when not khổng lồ disthẻ the worst thẻ, even when you may pay a penalty for such disthẻ.